Relation of hypertension with episodic primary headaches and chronic primary headaches in population of Rafsanjan cohort study

Blood pressure

Hypertension, as a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, is highly influenced by dietary parameters. This study aims to investigate the possible association of hypertension prevalence and nut consumption.

Blood pressure

In this cross-sectional study, 9990 participants from the Rafsanjan cohort study, as a part of the prospective epidemiological research studies in IrAN (PERSIAN), aged 35-70 years were included. Nut consumption was assessed using an abbreviated food questionnaire. Further, demography, personal habit, physical activity, medical history, blood pressure, and body mass index (BMI) questionnaires were used. Logistic regression models were applied to examine the possible relationship between hypertension risk and nut consumption. Statistical analyses were performed using STATA statistical software.

The results showed that the average consumption of all nuts except walnuts was significantly higher in non-hypertensive individuals (P<0.001). In the crude regression model, the odds of hypertension were significantly lower among pistachio, walnuts, seeds, and total nuts consumers. However, a protective association was observed between the prevalence of hypertension and the consumption of all nuts together and seeds, after adjusting for sex, age, and other confounders.

The data show that the intake of all nuts and seeds is inversely associated with hypertension risk.

Is salt intake reduction a universal intervention for both normotensive and hypertensive people: a case from Iran STEPS survey 2016

Trends of Major Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Iranian Population During Years 2001-2013: The Isfahan Cohort Study

Epidemiol Health .

Pre-hypertension and the risk of diabetes mellitus incidence using a marginal structural model in an Iranian prospective cohort study

Diabetes Res Clin Pract

Progression from optimal blood glucose and pre-diabetes to type 2 diabetes in a high risk population with or without hypertension in Isfahan, Iran

Endokrynol Pol

Comparison of systolic and diastolic blood pressure with pulse pressure and mean arterial pressure for prediction of type 2 diabetes: the Isfahan Diabetes Prevention Study