Hamid Najafipour,1 Mohammad Sadeghigoghari,2,* Zeinab Kordestani,3 Ahmad Naghibzadeh
Tahami,4 Marjan Ghavipisheh5
Physiology Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
1Professor of Physiology, Cardiovascular Research Center and Department of Physiology, Institute of Basic and Clinical Physiology Sciences, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
2Assistant Professor of Physiotherapy, Physiology Research Center and Department of Physiotherapy, Allied College, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
3Researcher, Gastroenterology and Hepathology Research Center, Institute of Basic and Clinical Physiology Sciences, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
4Ph.D Candidate in Epidemiology, Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
5MSc in Physiotherapy, Department of Physiotherapy, Allied College, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Background: Musculoskeletal pain syndromes (MSPSs) are of the most common disorders in modern societies. Lack of early diagnosis and treatment of this syndrome may lead to significant disabilities later in life.
Objectives: Due to shortage of information regarding the prevalence and related factors of MSPS in the south-east of Iran, this study aimed at determining MSPS and its relation to demographic variables and underlying diseases such as diabetes and hypertension in this area.
Methods: This across sectional population-based study was conducted on 1700 individuals (15 – 80 years), who participated in the second phase of Kerman coronary artery disease risk factor study (KERCADRs), in Kerman, Iran, in 2016. A questionnaire containing demographic information, opium use, smoking and MSPS was completed. Blood pressure, fasting blood glucose and lipid levels were also measured.
Results: From a total of 1700 participants, 41.6% weremales and 58.4% were females. Themean age of the participants was 47.8 years.
The overall prevalence of MSPS was 65.5% that was more prevalent in women and increased with advancing age approaching the highest prevalence in the group above 75 years (78.4%) (adjusted odds ratio, AOR > 1.6). The prevalence increased with diabetes (AOR 1.5), overweight and obesity (OR 1.6, 2.2), and depression and anxiety (AOR 1.5, 2.3). In multivariate analysis, MSPS had no relationship with smoking, opium consumption, hypertension, level of education and dyslipidemia.
Conclusions: Overall, more than 65% of the population over 15 years in Kerman suffer from MSPSs. If the rate of such complications is not reduced, this can exert heavy health-care costs on the Iranian health system given the existing trend of increase in the age and age-related diseases in the population.
Keywords: Musculoskeletal Pain, Prevalence, Association, Overweight and Obesity, Diabetes, Hypertension, Kerman
No.24, Aarabi St, Yaman St, Velenjak, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Postal Code: 1985717413, P.O Box: 19395-4763