Determinants of environmental tobacco smoke at work and at home: analysis of baseline data from the Kong Cohort Study, Southern Iran
Sakineh Dadipoora, Abdul Azim Nejatizadeb, Hossein Farshidic, Abdullah Gharibzaded, Teamur Aghamolaeic, and Amin Ghanbarnejad
aTobacco and Health Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran; b Department of Medical Genetics, Faculty ofMedicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran; c Cardiovascular Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences,Bandar Abbas, Iran; d Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan Health Institute, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the association between demographic and socio-economic determinants of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) at work and at home.
Methods: Using baseline data from the Kong Cohort Study (KCS), the present prospective research was conducted among subjects between 40 and 70 years of age in Kong County of Hormozgan Province to calculate adjusted and crude odds ratios (ORs) at 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to test the independent association of ETS with determinants.
Results: multivariate analysis showed that men were exposed to ETS 12.5 times as much as women; rural residents were exposed to ETS at work 5 times as much as urban residents. Holding a university degree decreased the chances of exposure for 52% at work. Women were exposed to ETS 2 times as much as men at home. Rural residents were exposed to ETS at home 2 times as much as urban residents. The elderly (above 65 years) were exposed to ETS 60% less than the young (<45 years) at home. Conclusion: In the light of the present findings, it can be concluded that ETS determinants at home and at work differ significantly. In the Kong County, compared to the urban areas, people in the rural areas are at a higher risk of ETS exposure.