1Resident of Cardiology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Background: Recent studies have confirmed inflammatory factors and metabolic syndrome (MetS) as important cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Recently measurement of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) has been used for evaluation of early atherosclerosis. This study was designed to assess the correlation between IMT with some inflammatory biomarkers, ghrelin and adiponectin in people with and without MetS in a cohort sample in Isfahan province.
Methods: Among participants of Isfahan Cohort Study (ICS) by random sampling, 88 participants were selected and divided into case (with MetS) and control (without MetS) groups. A questionnaire including demographic data and CVD risk factors was completed for all of the participants. Physical examination and blood pressure, height, weight and waist circumference measurements were done for all subjects. Vascular echocardiography was done for evaluation of IMT of each carotid artery of both sides. Interlukin-6 (IL-6), interlukin-10 (IL-10), highly sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), ghrelin and adiponectin levels were measured using ELIZA method. Data were entered in SPSS(15) software and analyzed by t-test, chi square, Pearson correlation and linear regression analyze.
Results: The mean waist circumference, BMI, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, hs-CRP and IMT of left carotid artery were significantly higher in participants with Mets. There was significant correlation between left carotid IMT and IL-6 level in all patients (P = 0.03). After adjustment for age and sex, significant relationship in groups with MetS was only reported between the left IMT and IL-6 (P = 0.02). There was no relation between IMT and other inflammatory markers in subjects with and without MetS.
Subjects: Participants from four phases of the TLGS from 1999 to 2011 (n 10,368), aged ≥20 years.
Results: The crude prevalence of obesity and abdominal obesity increased from 23·1% and 47·9% at baseline to 34·1% and 71·1% at the end of follow-up, respectively. Generalized estimating equation (GEE) models were used to analyse the correlated data and calculate the relative risks (RR). Risks of obesity and abdominal obesity increased over the whole study period for men (RR=1·62; 95% CI 1·49, 1·76 and RR=1·46; 95% CI 1·41, 1·52, respectively) and women (RR=1·24; 95% CI 1·19, 1·29 and RR=1·22; 95% CI 1·18, 1·27, respectively). These rising trends were observed in all subgroups regardless of age, marital status and educational level.
Conclusion: Significant correlation between IL-6 and IMT was reported in patients with MetS. While no significant correlation between IL-10, adiponectin and ghrelin with IMT was observed in metabolic syndrome group.
Taiebeh Hajmohammadi 1, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Masoumeh Dashti, Mohammad Hashemi, Mohammad Saadatnia, Mojgan Soghrati, Mohammad Talaei, Nizal Sarrafzadegan. Relationship Between Carotid Intima-Media Thickness with some Inflammatory Biomarkers, Ghrelin and Adiponectin in Iranians with and without Metabolic Syndrome in Isfahan Cohort Study.ARYA Atheroscler. Summer 2010;6(2):56-61. PMID: 22577415.